Department of Chemical Sciences

 

Director: Prof. Dr. Eng. Maria Machkova
phone: (+359 2) 81-63-435
Е-mail: marima4@abv.bg

Secretary: Assist. Prof. Eng. Nina Todorova

phone: (+359 2) 81-63-116

 

 

Departments:

 

Department of Organic Chemistry

Head: Prof. Dr. Emilia Naidenova

phone: (+359 2) 81-63-425

E-mail: emilia@uctm.edu

Students of almost all majors have lectures, seminars and practical exercises at the Department of Organic Chemistry. The Bachelor programs include teaching of Organic Chemistry to students with majors in Organic Chemical Technologies, Inorganic Chemical Technologies, Biotechnology, Chemical Engineering, Ecology, Technology of Materials and Material Science as well as Chemical Engineering (with teaching in German). In the framework of the courses the students are introduced to the theoretical grounds of Organic Chemistry. The practical classes help them to gain experimental skills and experience that would also stimulate their creative point of view towards the processes studied. The teaching of the students studying Chemical Engineering presented in German is in correspondence with the programs of the Technical Universities in Germany. Through a line of cooperation with DAAD tutorial handbooks are provided, while the studies and tests carried out correspond fully to the requirements of the professional module “Verfahrenstechnik”.

The Masters programs include teaching in “Structural studies of natural bioactive compounds” and “High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) - application to analysis of bioactive organic compounds”. The aim is to introduce the students to modern synthetic and analytical methods, including chromatography and different spectral methods and to provide certain skills to be applied later during the work on their Master Theses and further investigations. A course on Organic chemistry is taught in French for Industrial Chemistry major and for Fine Chemistry optional major. A course on Biomaterials is taught in English to students at MSc. level having major in Material Science and Engineering.

The PhD. syllabus includes the courses “High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) - application to analysis of bioactive organic compounds”, “Structural studies of natural bioactive compounds”, “Synthesis and structure of bioactive peptides”. The latter area is of rich experience and traditions at the Department. The course is provided with a textbook published in 2008.

The members of the academic staff of the Department are nine. Three of them are Professors and Associate Professors (all have the competency required by the scientific discipline 01.05.03). The other six are Assistant Professors with PhD. degree. Three well equipped labs are available at the Department where students carry out their practical exercises. Students are provided with laboratory exercises manual issued in 2008.

The staff of the Department of Organic Chemistry is working jointly with colleagues from many of the technological Departments of the University. The partner Departments are “Biotechnology”, “Organic synthesis and fuels” and “Polymers”. During the education at the BSc. level many students work on literature surveys or on a given research problem defined as a scientific course work or a Bachelor Thesis. During the second level education this work develops further into a MSc. Thesis. 3 MSc. Diploma Theses were defended at the Department during the period considered. The results obtained are published or are still in a preparation for publication. Some students did research at a postgraduate level and in this case their MSc. theses developed into Ph.D. theses. Because of the interdisciplinary character of the studies on newly synthesized peptidomimetics and their physicochemical and biological properties, the staff of the Department works jointly with colleagues from the Chemical Faculty of Sofia University and from the Medical University – Sofia. Students from these universities, working on their MSc. and PhD. theses participate in the investigations carried out at the Department of Organic Chemistry. The results obtained are published.

 

Department of Physical Chemistry

Head: Prof. Dr. Eng. Maria Machkova

phone: (+359 2) 81-63-435

phone: (+359 2) 81-63-441

E-mail: marima4@abv.bg

The Department of Physical Chemistry was founded 62 years ago. It was headed by Professor Stefan Christov, an actual member of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, one of the most eminent scientists in the world, known for new and important trends in theoretical and applied physical chemistry. His theories are universally acknowledged. They have found numerous experimental verifications by research groups in Bulgaria and abroad and are reviewed in hundreds of papers and monographic editions.

The staff of the Department of Physical Chemistry involves 2 full Professors, 7 Associate Professors and 2 Assistant Professors. Four chemists and two technicians contribute to the educational and research activities of the Department. The teaching in Physical Chemistry carried out at the Department is focussed on training the students how to think but not what to think. Thus this difficult discipline has never become a barrier in students’ education. At present seven lecture courses in Physical Chemistry are read at BSc. Level. One course in Colloid Chemistry is presented at BSc. level for students with major in Biotechnology. There are four elective courses at MSc. level. These are the courses on “Chemical Kinetics and Catalysis”, “Disperse Systems”, “Chemical Thermodynamics of Real Systems” and “Quantum Chemistry”. A course at PhD. level on “Contemporary Methods in Theoretical Chemistry” has been read for several years.

The Department is engaged in carrying out the University educational programs in German (at BSc. level), French and English (both at MSc. level). Courses in “Equilibrium Thermodynamics” and “Physical Chemistry” are read in German, “Chemistry I”, “Chemistry II”, “Chemistry III”, “Theoretical Chemistry” and “Thermodynamics and Kinetics” – in French, while “Physical Chemistry of Materials” – in English.

All teaching activities at the Department of Physical Chemistry are provided with teaching materials. 25 textbooks and manuals for the students taught in Bulgarian and 4 other for those taught in German and French are published. The first textbook in Physical Chemistry, the first manual on problem solving in Physical Chemistry, the first book in Physical Chemistry with examples and problems are written by members of the Department staff. Two new textbooks are in preparation. Four laboratories provide technical facilities for the students’ experimental work.

There is Center on Anodization at the Department. It is headed by Associate Professor Dr. E. Klein. The formation of specific anodic coverages on various machine parts is carried out there. All technologies applied have been developed by the group working on anodic oxide films.

The research activities at the Department of Physical Chemistry are in the field of electrochemistry (anodic oxide films, electrocatalytic oxidation processes, corrosion of metals, passivity and trans-passivity), material science (new materials and multifunctional coverages based on nanomaterials and nanotechnologies, SOFC), chemical kinetics and phenomena at inhomogeneous surfaces. All members of the staff work on projects trying to introduce their students to this particular field of activity and to outline the connection between teaching and research. The latter tendency is further developed by the teaching experience all PhD. students get at the Department. They carry out laboratory and problem solving classes in Physical Chemistry. Many investigations are carried out in collaboration with researchers from other Universities at home and abroad and institutes of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. The results obtained are presented at national and international conferences. They are published in most prestigious scientific journals. The impact on science is verified by the numerous citations found in the literature.

 

Department of Analytical Chemistry

Head: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Latinka Kostadinova

phone: (+359 2) 81-63-397

E-mail: lsk@uctm.edu

The teaching staff of the Department of Analytical Chemistry includes 4 Associate Professors and 7 Assistant Professors. Six of the latter have PhD. The research activity at the Department refers mainly to: investigations on equilibrium systems, analysis of high-tech products, ecological monitoring.

Students from all majors on BSc. level follow the basic courses in Analytical Chemistry. Students with majors in “Chemical Technologies” and “Material Science” at MSc. level follow specialized courses at the Department as well. A course on “Modern instrumental methods in research” is taught to doctoral students.

The basic educational task is to provide students with solid fundamental knowledge and practical skills in Analytical Chemistry. That is why the lecture courses are accompanied by laboratory and problem solving classes. There are four student laboratories on chemical methods of analysis, four specialized laboratories on instrumental analysis and two research laboratories. Through the elective specialization “Analitika”, included in the parallel educational program of the University, the students get the additional qualification “Analytical Chemist”.

Many chemists and chemical engineers from different analytical laboratories work on their further professional skills development at the Department of Analytical Chemistry. Members of the teaching staff of the Department contribute to the solving of different analytical problems of various firms and industrial enterprises.

 

Department of General and Inorganic Chemistry

Head: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Veneta Parvanova

phone: (+359 2) 81-63-412

E-mail: vparvanova@hotmail.com

The Department of General and Inorganic Chemistry was established in 1945 as a fundamental scientific unit of the Industrial Chemistry Division of the former State Polytechnics. At present its staff includes three Associate Professors, four Assistant Professors (three of the latter have PhD.) and 3 technicians.

An important detail of the department’s activity during the last three-year period is that all students enrolled at UCTM are taught different courses, since this is the place where the theoretical foundations of the students’ general chemistry training are laid. The knowledge gained in General and Inorganic Chemistry is required when studying other fundamental disciplines, such as Analytical, Organic and Physical Chemistry, as well as a number of technological disciplines. During the period 2007-2009 the courses ”Inorganic Chemistry-Part I” and “Inorganic Chemistry-Part II” were read to students at BSc. level with majors in Organic Chemical Technologies, Inorganic Chemical Technologies, Ecology, Chemical Engineering, Biotechnology, Material Science, Metallurgy; the course “General Chemistry” was read to students at BSc. level with major in Automation and Information Technologies and Industrial Management; the courses “Chemistry I” and “Inorganic Chemistry” were taught in French to students at MSc. level with major in Industrial Chemistry; the course “Chemistry I (Inorganic Chemistry)” was taught in German to students at BSc. level with major in Chemical Engineering; the courses “Chemistry Training Methods” and “Methods and Techniques in Educational Chemical Experiments” were taught to students following the university educational program required for the professional qualification “Teacher. These students are of all majors at bachelor and master level. The Department provides also Stoichiometric Calculations classes. The latter are followed by all major students at bachelor level as the knowledge obtained is required for the further training. During the period considered an “Introductory Inorganic Chemistry Course” was provided to all students at BSc. level. MSc. course programs are prepared at the Department as well. These are: “Chemistry of d and f Elements” and “Synthesis, Structure and Properties of Inorganic Compounds”. The courses “Structural Inorganic Chemistry” and “Coordination Chemistry and Molecular Structure” were proposed for all PhD. students.

The Department of Inorganic Chemistry has three students’ and three research laboratories. 

Along with the teaching activity, the Department of Inorganic Chemistry carries out research investigations. During the period considered one Ph.D. thesis was defended. The work on two others is in progress. The research activity is mainly focused on: synthesis, structure and properties of inorganic compounds; chemistry of extraction processes and coordination compounds; synthesis and properties of materials for electronics. The research activity is characterized by the active involvement of young research workers (4), Ph.D. students (5), students (16) and 2 diploma students as well as by the cooperation with researchers from the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, the Faculty of Chemistry and the Faculty of Physics of Sofia University, the Technical University; the University of Vienna, the University of Montpellier and the University of Magdeburg.